Various CAUSES of low back pain / pain in lumbar spine are activities leading bending, lifting weight, strenuous activity may cause low back pain, other causes of low back pain are like lumbar spondylosis degeneration of vertebra due to ageing, infection, tumour, overweight, weak back muscles,ligament/ muscle tears, spinal canal stenosis, herniated disc, slip disc,disc bulge, sciatica, PIVD (Prolapsed intervertebral disc disease), arthritis, osteoarthritis,spondylisthesis,spondylitis, Ankylosing spondylitis, compression fractures, osteoporotic fractures of spine, traumatic fractures can cause back pain.
SYMPTOMS OF LOW BACK PAIN
Symptom is pain in lower back or radiation to one or both limbs/buttocks/thigh/legs and foot and may interfere in your daily activities. If you suffering from such symptoms one must see orthopaedic doctor/ healthcare provider for further treatment.
TESTS required may X rays, CT Scan, MRI, Bone Scan, Electromyogram etc and orthopaedic doctor may also order blood tests.
TIPS TO PREVENT BACK PAIN is by maintaining healthy lifestye which may include doing regular back excercises, maintaining ideal body weight, using proper techniques while lifting weights from floors, maintaining good siting postures at your office
Regular exercise strengthens muscles that supports lower back, and intact strengthens all muscles of body making person fit and healthy. exercises like swimming are very easy for people suffering from orthopaedic problems as in water it easier to walk and helps in off loading joints from weight and patients with most of orthopaedic problems knee pain,arthritis, back pain, may benefit from water exercise to strengthen their muscles. Other exercise like cycling, light weight training and walking may help depending upon each and every individual exercise program can be plannned.
MAINTAIN GOOD POSTURE.These days most off people are suffering from bad lifestyle problems like bad posture,lack of exercise, weak back muscles, long sitting hours at jobs and stress and competitive lifestyle indirectly affecting physical health so in such background one should be equally carefull while lifting heavy objects with proper technique by bending at knees rather at hips /back learn proper posture by visiting his orthopaedist / physiotherapist.Also sleep on firm orthopaedic mattress and sit on chairs that comfortable and supports natural curves of the back.
MAINTAIN HEALTHY WEIGHT
Maintaining ideal bodyweight as per your height is not only good for you back pain, its good for your general health too for your heart, weight bearing joints knees, benefits ideal weight are more than one even can think, so I suggest each and every patient of mine to maintain good weight, how maintain good weight you can discuss with your doctor too.
MANAGEMENT of back pain may include pain relievers, muscle relaxants,physiotherapy, back support, lifestyle changes like weight reduction, exercise programs, reducing stress, proper sitting posture etc.
Other modalities of treatment may also be required in certain group of patients like spine surgeries depending upon severity, duration and cause. type spine surgeries are like microdisectomy is procedure performed to relieve pain on nerve root caused by herniated disc that cause pain radiating to one of legs called as sciatica, these type of surgeries may be done if patient is suffering from severe pain not responding to conservative measures or may be associated with symptoms of sensory loss/weakness. it is minimally invasive spine surgery. Nerve root blocks can be given to reduce the radicular pain of pinched nerve root which source of pain may provide pain relief is indicated in certain cases after discussion with patient.
Spinal fusion may be required in certain cases of back pain not relieved by conservative measures in cases of severe disc damage may be associated with spondylolisthesis and spinal instability in this case one vertebra is linked to other vertebra to stop painful movement by the way of fusion. Titanium metal implants/ cage may be used to fuse two vertebra together.
Osteoporotic spine compression fractures treatment includes rest and bracing with spine brace to support the spine and restrict undue movements and allow fracture to heal. In cases of severe back pain due to osteoporotic spine compression fractures your spine surgeon can discuss other options depending upon each case like vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty can be discussed.
Laminectomy is surgical procedure to relieve pain caused by spinal canal stenosis which can develop as result of aging leading degenerative spine disease and spinal canal stenosis in this case bone called lamina that covers spinal cord is removed to relieve compression caused by spinal canal stenosis.
If you are in search of Back pain specialist doctor, you can contact Dr Jaspreet Sran, Senior Consultant Orthopaedics, MCh Ortho (United Kingdom), MS Ortho (Univ. Topper) who is one of best orthopaedic doctors in chandigarh dealing with lumbar spine / low back pain / slip disc / sciatica problems. For appointments please call.